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Monday, July 25, 2011

WPF - Sort a GridView Column When a Header Is Clicked

In this post we shall learn how to Sort a GridView Column When a Header Is Clicked

The Listview contains its view as a Gridview. The Giridview is bound to a Arraylist which is a collection of dates.

The Gridview data is sorted when a header column of Giridview is clicked.

Note: The declaration that says that "Sort the Gridview data when a header column is clicked is defined in Listview".


XAML content.


<Window
xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
x:Class="ListViewSort.Window1"
xmlns:s="clr-namespace:System.Collections;assembly=mscorlib"
xmlns:p="clr-namespace:System;assembly=mscorlib">
<Window.Resources>
<DataTemplate x:Key="HeaderTemplateArrowUp">
<DockPanel>
<TextBlock HorizontalAlignment="Center" Text="{Binding}"/>
<Path x:Name="arrow"
StrokeThickness = "1"
Fill = "gray"
Data = "M 5,10 L 15,10 L 10,5 L 5,10"/>
</DockPanel>
</DataTemplate>
<DataTemplate x:Key="HeaderTemplateArrowDown">
<DockPanel>
<TextBlock HorizontalAlignment="Center" Text="{Binding }"/>
<Path x:Name="arrow"
StrokeThickness = "1"
Fill = "gray"
Data = "M 5,5 L 10,10 L 15,5 L 5,5"/>
</DockPanel>
</DataTemplate>
</Window.Resources>

<StackPanel>
<TextBlock HorizontalAlignment="Center" FontSize="16"
Foreground ="Blue" Margin="0,20,0,30">
ListView Sample with Sort Capability
</TextBlock>
<ListView x:Name='lv' Height="150" HorizontalAlignment="Center"
VerticalAlignment="Center"
GridViewColumnHeader.Click="GridViewColumnHeaderClickedHandler"
>
<ListView.View>
<GridView>
<GridViewColumn DisplayMemberBinding="{Binding Path=Year}"
Header="Year"
Width="100"/>
<GridViewColumn DisplayMemberBinding="{Binding Path=Month}"
Header="Month"
Width="100"/>
<GridViewColumn DisplayMemberBinding="{Binding Path=Day}"
Header="Day"
Width="100"/>
</GridView>
</ListView.View>
<ListView.ItemsSource>
<s:ArrayList>
<p:DateTime>1993/1/1 12:22:02</p:DateTime>
<p:DateTime>1993/1/2 13:2:01</p:DateTime>
<p:DateTime>1997/1/3 2:1:6</p:DateTime>
<p:DateTime>1997/1/4 13:6:55</p:DateTime>
<p:DateTime>1999/2/1 12:22:02</p:DateTime>
<p:DateTime>1998/2/2 13:2:01</p:DateTime>
<p:DateTime>2000/2/3 2:1:6</p:DateTime>
<p:DateTime>2002/2/4 13:6:55</p:DateTime>
<p:DateTime>2001/3/1 12:22:02</p:DateTime>
<p:DateTime>2006/3/2 13:2:01</p:DateTime>
<p:DateTime>2004/3/3 2:1:6</p:DateTime>
<p:DateTime>2004/3/4 13:6:55</p:DateTime>
</s:ArrayList>
</ListView.ItemsSource>
</ListView>

</StackPanel>
</Window>



XAML.CS - Code behind



using System;
using System.Windows;
using System.Windows.Controls;
using System.Windows.Media;
using System.Collections;
using System.Windows.Controls.Primitives;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Windows.Data;

namespace ListViewSort
{
/// <summary>
/// Interaction logic for Window1.xaml
/// </summary>
public partial class Window1 : Window
{
public Window1()
{
InitializeComponent();
}

GridViewColumnHeader _lastHeaderClicked = null;
ListSortDirection _lastDirection = ListSortDirection.Ascending;

void GridViewColumnHeaderClickedHandler(object sender,
RoutedEventArgs e)
{
GridViewColumnHeader headerClicked =
e.OriginalSource as GridViewColumnHeader;
ListSortDirection direction;

if (headerClicked != null)
{
if (headerClicked.Role != GridViewColumnHeaderRole.Padding)
{
if (headerClicked != _lastHeaderClicked)
{
direction = ListSortDirection.Ascending;
}
else
{
if (_lastDirection == ListSortDirection.Ascending)
{
direction = ListSortDirection.Descending;
}
else
{
direction = ListSortDirection.Ascending;
}
}

string header = headerClicked.Column.Header as string;
Sort(header, direction);

if (direction == ListSortDirection.Ascending)
{
headerClicked.Column.HeaderTemplate =
Resources["HeaderTemplateArrowUp"] as DataTemplate;
}
else
{
headerClicked.Column.HeaderTemplate =
Resources["HeaderTemplateArrowDown"] as DataTemplate;
}

// Remove arrow from previously sorted header
if (_lastHeaderClicked != null && _lastHeaderClicked != headerClicked)
{
_lastHeaderClicked.Column.HeaderTemplate = null;
}


_lastHeaderClicked = headerClicked;
_lastDirection = direction;
}
}
}
private void Sort(string sortBy, ListSortDirection direction)
{
ICollectionView dataView =
CollectionViewSource.GetDefaultView(lv.ItemsSource);

dataView.SortDescriptions.Clear();
SortDescription sd = new SortDescription(sortBy, direction);
dataView.SortDescriptions.Add(sd);
dataView.Refresh();
}
}
}

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